8th Grade

Mathematics- Algebra I

Mathematical content and curriculum are supported and enhanced by mathematical processes that are common to all strands and specific expectations. Please note, our standard math class for 8th grade is Algebra I, which is a 9th grade standard curriculum.

1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving problem strategies
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of other
4. Model with mathematics
5. Use appropriate tools strategically
6. Attend to precision
7. Look for and make use of structure
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning


Algebra I

  • Rational and irrational numbers
  • Quantitative reasoning
  • Real numbers and the real number line
  • Operations with real numbers
  • The distributive property
  • Exponents and powers, including rational, zero, and negative exponents
  • Scientific notations
  • Parts and structure of expressions
  • Interpreting and simplifying expressions, including radical expressions
  • Rewriting expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems
  • Rewriting rational expressions
  • Arithmetic operations on polynomials
  • Polynomial identities
  • Reading and writing equations
  • Solving equations as a process of reasoning
  • Steps in solving equations
  • Equations and inequalities with one variable
  • Using equations to solve problems
  • Interpreting and modeling solutions
  • Rearranging formulas
  • Equations with two variables
  • Linear equations in various forms
  • Quadratic equations
  • Systems of equations
  • Explaining the coordinate graph
  • Graphing coordinates and scatter plots
  • Interpreting linear graphs
  • Graphing linear equations
  • Graphing solutions to linear inequalities
  • Predicting with linear models
  • Graphing systems of equations
  • Slope of a line
  • Using graphs to solve problems
  • Pythagorean Theorem and its converse
  • Reading, writing, and explaining functions
  • Graphing functions
  • Inverse functions

Language Arts

English Language Skills

  • Explain the functions of verbals in general and in specific sentences
  • Form and use verbs in active and passive voice
  • Form and use verbs in indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive moods
  • Identify and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood
  • Identify and use simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences
  • Use conventions of English correctly when writing (capitalization, punctuation, and spelling)
  • Spell grade-level words correctly
  • Choose verb voice and mood to achieve specific effects
  • Vary sentence patterns for meaning, interest, and style when writing; avoid passive constructions
  • Maintain consistency in style and tone when writing
  • Know the difference between formal and informal English and when to use each

Reading Literature and Informational Text and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects 

  • Cite evidence fro­­­m text to support analysis of both explicit and implicit messages within the text
  • Cite evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources
  • Identify themes or central ideas in a text and analyze their development
  • Summarize literary and informational or explanatory texts
  • Analyze how incidents or specific dialogue moves a story along
  • Analyze how a text makes connections between individuals, events, or ideas
  • Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history or social studies
  • Describe how a text presents information
  • Follow a multistep written procedure when performing science or technical tasks
  • Determine meanings and effects of words, phrases, or symbols as used in a text
  • Analyze the structure of a specific part of a text
  • Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and how each structure contributes to meaning and style
  • Analyze the effects of different points of view in a text
  • Determine an author’s point of view and analyze how the author treats conflicting viewpoints
  • Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic
  • Integrate quantitative or technical information presented in text form with information expressed visually
  • Determine if a filmed or live production of a story is faithful to the text
  • Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different media to present an idea
  • Trace and evaluate the argument and supporting reasons in a text
  • Analyze whether an author supports a claim with sound reasoning and sufficient evidence
  • Analyze two or more texts that provide conflicting information about the same topic
  • By the end of the academic year, read and understand grade-level literary and informational texts (including history/social studies, science, and technical subjects) independently and with proficiency


  • Write arguments supported with clear reasons and relevant evidence, including arguments in history, social studies, science, and technical topics
  • Write informative or explanatory pieces developed with relevant details, including arguments in history, social studies, science, and technical topics
  • Write narrations that include details, put events in order, and provide a conclusion
  • Produce writing appropriate to the task, purpose, and audience
  • Strengthen writing by getting feedback, revising, editing, and rewriting
  • Add dialogue and descriptions to develop characters and events
  • Use tools, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing
  • Contribute to collaborative group writing projects
  • Conduct short research tasks on a topic through investigation
  • Gather information from various sources to answer a question
  • Assess the credibility and accuracy of sources
  • Quote or paraphrase data and conclusions while avoiding plagiarism
  • Include evidence from literary or informational texts
  • Regularly produce clear writing for a variety of tasks, purposes, and audiences (including writing in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects)


  • Use context clues to determine word and phrase meanings
  • Use word structure clues to determine meanings of unknown words
  • Use relationships between words to better understand each word’s meaning
  • Use references (print and digital) to determine or verify a word’s meanings, find pronunciation or its part of speech
  • Interpret and use figurative language in context
  • Distinguish literal and nonliteral meanings of words in context
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among related words
  • Distinguish among connotations of words with similar denotations
  • Learn and use grade-level general academic vocabulary

Speaking and Listening 

  • Participate in collaborative discussions on a variety of grade-level topics
  • Express ideas clearly and respectfully in group discussions
  • Follow agreed-upon rules and preparation procedures for discussions
  • Ask questions and respond to others, building on others’ ideas
  • Analyze the purpose and motives of information presented in many media and formats
  • Identify an argument, claims; evaluate the soundness of reasoning and evidence
  • Present claims or information in logical sequence supported with relevant facts and details
  • Use clear pronunciation and appropriate eye contact and volume when speaking
  • Add multimedia and visual components to clarify ideas in presentations
  • Show command of formal English language when speaking for a variety of tasks

Science-Physical Science

The Next Generation Science and Engineering Standards describe scientific practices that scientists use as they investigate the natural world and engineering practices that engineers use as they design and build models and systems. In addition, they present seven crosscutting concepts that apply across all the topics and fields of science. The teaching of science topics and the corresponding standards at all grade levels K-12 are intricately interwoven with these practices and crosscutting concepts. Students need consistent experience and connection with these two dimensions of science education (practices and cross-cutting concepts) as they work with the third dimension (core science content topics). Please note that this curriculum is usually taught at the high school level. It meets and exceeds the requirements provided for an 8th grade science class.

Science and Engineering Practices

1. Asking questions (science) and defining problems (engineering)
2. Developing and using models
3. Designing and carrying out investigations
4. Organizing and interpreting data
5. Using mathematics and computational thinking
6. Constructing explanations (science) and designing solutions (engineering)
7. Engaging in argument from evidence
8. Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Crosscutting Concepts

1. Patterns
2. Cause and effect
3. Scale, proportion, and quantity
4. Systems and system models
5. Energy and matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation
6. Structure and function
7. Stability and change

Physical Science

  • The Nature of Science
  • Force
  • Laws of conservation of energy
  • Energy transfer
  • Energy in chemical processes
  • Measurement and mathematics for physics
  • Force and calculations of force
  • Force fields
  • Kinematics
  • Statics and dynamics
  • Motion; Laws of Motion
  • Concepts of distance, displacement, speed, average velocity, instantaneous  velocity, and acceleration
  • Relative motion
  • Relationships between force and motion
  • Gravitation
  • Friction
  • Momentum
  • Definitions of energy and forms of energy
  • Work and energy 
  • NOTE: In this class, students participate in many hands-on experiments executed in the Science Lab.

Social Science – United States History through Reconstruction

There are ten themes of social studies that serve as a background framework for the teaching of the social sciences at all grade levels. They weave through all content and are interrelated with one another. These themes should be developed and built upon throughout the grades.

Ten Themes of Social Studies

1. Culture
2. Time, continuity, and change
3. People, places, and environments
4. Individual development and identity
5. Individuals, groups, and institutions
6. Power, authority, and governance
7. Production, distribution, and consumption
8. Science, technology, and society
9. Global connections
10. Civic ideals and practices

There are social studies practices and habits and literacy skills that should be fostered and integrated with all social studies content.

Gathering, interpreting, and using evidence from various sources
2. Applying critical thinking skills to organize, use, and evaluate information
3. Problem solving and decision making processes
4. Chronological reasoning and understanding of causation
5. Comparing and understanding events and relationships in context
6. Comparing different ways of looking at an event or problem
7. Considering how people might be affected by events, changes, settings, or problems
8. Communicating knowledge, research conclusions, and ideas in written, oral, and visual forms
9. Geographic reasoning and use of geographic tools
10. Describing and explaining economics and economic systems
11. Civic understanding and participation

United States History through Reconstruction

  • The First Americans
  • Exploring the Americas
  • European colonization of America
  • Colonial life
  • The Mayflower Compact
  • Moves toward independence
  • Founding documents
  • The American Revolution
  • Challenges of the new government
  • Representative government
  • Drafting of the Constitution
  • Federalist Era
  • Jeffersonian Era
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • War of 1812
  • Conflicts between the North and South
  • Slavery
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Age of Jackson
  • Westward expansion
  • Conflicts with Native Americans
  • Indian Removal Act
  • Manifest Destiny
  • U.S.-Mexican War
  • Gold Rush
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Civil War
  • Reconstruction

Additional Information